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Crew Biographies

Kenneth D. Bowersox (Commander, USN), will serve as Commander for STS-82. He was born November 14, 1956, in Portsmouth, VA, but considers Bedford, IN, to be his hometown. Bowersox graduated from Bedford High School in 1974, received a bachelor of science degree in aerospace engineering from the United States Naval Academy in 1978, and a master of science degree in mechanical engineering from Columbia University in 1979.

Bowersox was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in June 1987. A three flight veteran, he has logged over 40 days in space. Bowersox flew as pilot on STS-50 in 1992 and STS-61 in 1993, and was the spacecraft commander on STS-73 in 1995.


Scott J. "Doc" Horowitz Ph.D. (Lieutenant Colonel, USAF) will serve as Pilot for STS-82. He was born March 24, 1957, in Philadelphia, PA, but considers Thousand Oaks, CA, to be his hometown. He graduated from Newbury Park High School, Newbury Park, CA, in 1974, received a bachelor of science degree in engineering from California State University at Northridge in 1978, a master of science degree in aerospace engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology in 1979, and a doctorate in aerospace engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology in 1982.

He was selected for the astronaut program in March 1992 Horowitz served as pilot on STS-75 in 1996 and has logged over 377 hours in space.


Joseph R. "Joe" Tanner will serve as Mission Specialist-1 on STS-82. He was born January 21, 1950, in Danville, IL. Tanner graduated from Danville High School in 1968, and received a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Illinois in 1973.

Selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in March 1992, Tanner reported to the Astronaut Office in August 1992. Tanner flew aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis on STS-66, and has logged 262 hours in space.


Steven A. Hawley (Ph.D.) will serve as Mission Specialist-2 on STS-82. He was born December 12, 1951, in Ottawa, KS, but considers Salina, KS, to be his hometown. Hawley graduated from Salina (Central) High School in 1969, received a bachelor of arts degrees in physics and astronomy (graduating with highest distinction) from the University of Kansas in 1973, and a doctor of philosophy in astronomy and astrophysics from the University of California in 1977.

Hawley was selected as a NASA astronaut in January 1978 and served as a mission specialist on three flights -- STS-41D in 1984, STS-61C in 1986, and STS-31 in 1990 for a total of 412 hours in space. In June 1990, Dr. Hawley left the Astronaut Office to assume the post of Associate Director of NASA's Ames Research Center in California. In August 1992, Dr. Hawley returned to the Johnson Space Center as Deputy Director of Flight Crew Operations. In February 1996, Dr. Hawley was returned to astronaut flight status and named to the crew of the second Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission.


Gregory J. Harbaugh will serve as Mission Specialist-3 on STS-82. He was born April 15, 1956, in Cleveland, OH. Willoughby, OH, is his hometown. Harbaugh graduated from Willoughby South High School in 1974, received a bachelor of science degree in aeronautical and astronautical engineering from Purdue University in 1978, and a master of science degree in physical science from University of Houston-Clear Lake in 1986.

Harbaugh was selected as an astronaut by NASA in June 1987. He has flown on three Shuttle flights as a mission specialist - STS-39 in 1991, STS-54 in 1993, and STS-71 in 1995. Harbaugh has logged a total of 578 hours, 23 minutes in space.


Mark C. Lee (Colonel, USAF) will serve as Mission Specialist-4 on STS-82. Lee was born August 14, 1952, in Viroqua, WI. He graduated from Viroqua High School in 1970, received a bachelor of science degree in civil engineering from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1974, and a master of science degree in mechanical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1980.

Lee was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in May 1984. A veteran of three space flights, Lee has traveled over 9 million miles going around the world 368 times and spending over 550 hours in orbit. He flew on STS-30 in 1989, STS-47 in 1992, and STS-64 in 1994. During STS-64, he logged 6 hours and 51 minutes of EVA time.


Steven L. Smith will serve as Mission Specialist-5 on STS-82. He was born December 30, 1958, in Phoenix, AZ, but considers San Jose, CA, to be his hometown. Smith graduated from Leland High School in San Jose in 1977, received a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1981, a master of science degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1982, and a master's degree in business administration from Stanford University in 1987.

Smith was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in March 1992. He flew on mission STS-68 in 1994 and has logged 269 hours in space.

Additional biographical information on the STS-82 crew members and other NASA astronauts is available on the World Wide Web at: http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/astrobio.html

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